When you hear the term “parachuting” do you picture an extremely high and quick jump out of an aircraft? Most people do not, but this is actually an excellent way to train for a sport that many people are unaware of. Parachuting can be done just as easily in a regular aircraft as in an ultralight or ultramarine.
The parachute is actually constructed from two different kinds of fabrics. One is what is known as fiberglass spool, this type of fabric is very light but can be very hard to deploy because of its thickness. The second material is nylon spool, which is a little bit heavier but much easier to deploy because it is easier to stretch. These two fabrics are then combined to form a parachute that once deployed will quickly create a light air parachute that will quickly and easily deploy once weight is added to it.
The actual construction of the parachute relies on the design of the parachute itself as well as the materials used in its construction. A parachute is basically an open cell structure with a lightweight yet rigid membrane. Parachutes can also have a hard, reinforced outer shell or a soft, light, flexible outer shell.
The canopy used in parachuting is the first part of the parachute that is opened once the jump is taken.
The canopy is made out of one of two materials; nylon or spandex. Nylon is typically used because of the higher tolerance of the wind while in a horizontal position compared to spandex. Spandex is typically used in training equipment and in recreational Parachuting.
There are several parts of the parachute that will assist in the proper deployment. The first is the jump ring, this is the part of the parachute that holds the canopy together. Next there are two air sacs; the first air sac is used to diffuse the landing shock to the body and allows for more rapid return to full alertness.
The next important part of the parachute is the deployment air sacs; these allow the parachute to open once the parachute has deployed. The next piece of parachute is the canopy, this is the top layer of the parachute and helps to slow the descent rate of the parachute. Finally there are the struts, this hold the fabric in place and keep it taut. All of these pieces mesh together to secure the parachute to the body.
When you are parachuting, it is crucial that your safety gear is in top condition.
In addition to the canopy and parachute; harnesses are used for the protection of the spine, pelvis, and legs; and face masks, used to protect the face from wind and particulates; and knee guards, to help prevent knee injury during the jump. All of these pieces should be worn at all times when you are parachuting. As mentioned before it is crucial that the parachute is properly inflated; a problem often encountered by beginners is that the parachute material is not inflated enough. This can cause the parachute to pop or if left inflated for too long the rubber can tear or even pop.
For those who have just begun parachuting as a hobby, they may not be too familiar with the equipment. One of the easiest ways to learn about parachuting is to purchase a parachute and try it out for yourself. You may want to ask a friend or family member to go along and try it out with you so you can get the necessary feedback. This way you will gain a true feel for the sport and soon be ready to start parachuting in groups or even solo. Just make sure you are very safe and aware at all times when you are parachuting.
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